Turkmen Beverages

Turkmen beverages are traditionally tea-centric, often featuring herbal infusions and dairy-based drinks, reflecting the country’s culinary customs.

Lastest Updated April 12, 2024
Verified by A-Z Cuisines Team
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Basic Information

Turkmen Beverages: Basic Overview

Common Ingredients

Milk, yogurt, fruits

Common Preparing Methods

Blending, fermenting, simmering

Key Taste

Sour, salty, sweet

Drinking Etiquette

Serving green and black tea individually in porcelain teapots and bowls.

Culinary Festivals

Nowruz (Persian New Year), Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha

Influence and Fusion

Turkey, Eastern Europe
Origin and Region

Turkmen Beverages: Origin and Region



Culinary Region

Central Asia

Country’s Region

Turkmenistan Map
Ingredients and Preparation

Types of Turkmen Beverages

  • Hot Non-alcoholic

    Hot non-alcoholic beverages in Turkmen cuisine are central to social and daily life.

    They are typically gluten-free, and vegan-friendly.

    Both are popular for their comforting warmth and are often enjoyed alongside meals or as standalone refreshments.

  • Cold Non-alcoholic

    In Turkmen cuisine, cold non-alcoholic beverages like ayran and chal are essential for refreshment.

    They share the characteristics of being vegetarian and gluten-free, with a dairy base that excludes them from vegan diets.

    These drinks offer distinct, tangy flavors and are commonly enjoyed for hydration and alongside meals.

  • Distilled Alcoholic

    In Turkmenistan, a variety of distilled alcoholic beverages are consumed, with vodka being the most popular due to its low cost.

    Following vodka is brandy, with some bottles even featuring labels that bear portraits of notable figures such as Saparmurat Niyazov.

  • Fermented Alcoholic

    Beer and wine are widely available in Turkmenistan, and both can be found in restaurants throughout the country.

Ingredients and Preparation

Turkmen Beverages: Signature Dishes and Beverages

  • Most Popular Beverages

    The most popular beverages in Turkmen cuisine embody a diversity of types and flavors, suitable for various occasions.

    These range from hot and comforting to cold and refreshing.

    The flavors are a mix of simple and complex, reflecting the traditional and cultural richness of the region.

  • National Beverage

    Chal, a fermented camel’s milk beverage, is a cornerstone of Turkmenistan’s cultural identity.

    Its unique tangy flavor and nutritional benefits reflect the country’s nomadic heritage and the vital role of camels.

    Chal is integral to social events and daily life, symbolizing Turkmen hospitality and community values.

  • Traditional Beverages

    Turkmen traditional beverages are divided into hot and cold types, each suited for different seasons and occasions.

    Hot drinks are favored for their warmth and social aspect, while cold ones offer refreshment, with flavors ranging from tangy dairy to sweet fruit.

Turkmen beverages are popular drinks in Turkmenistan, with the population usually preferring green tea. Also known as çaý, tea is often enjoyed hot at any time of the day.

Furthermore, fermented drinks are a staple in Turkmenistan, with chal being a national favorite made using camel milk.

On the alcoholic side, vodka is the most well-known pick for its affordability. To add to that, other alcohols like beer, brandy, wine, and sparkling wine are also consumed.

Aside from hot beverages and alcohol, soft drinks are also widely popularized in Turkmenistan, ranging from flavored water to sports, carbonates, or juice drinks.

Keep on reading to unravel all the influences that affect Turkmen refreshments while also learning about the importance of tea. Then, get to know some of the alcoholic spirits of the country and ideal dishes for accompanying drinks.

But that’s not it, as there are some exciting facts about the roles of beverages in Turkmen social and cultural rituals. Make sure to check out some common inquiries revolving around Turkment drinks.

5 Most Popular Turkmen Beverages with Filters

#2 in Turkmenistan Flag of Turkmenistan


  • Traditional

Vodka is a clear distilled spirit, primarily made from water and ethanol, with origins in Russia, Sweden, and Poland.

Country’s Region: Unspecified

Main Ingredients:

Cereal grains, potatoes, sugarcane, honey, fruits, etc.

Prepare Method: Distilling

Mealtime: Anytime

#1 in Turkmenistan Flag of Turkmenistan

Tea in Central Asia

Tea in Central Asia
  • National
  • Traditional

Tea in Central Asia is a respected hospitality symbol, traditionally served in a “piala,” with regionally varied preferences in types.

Country’s Region: Unspecified

Main Ingredients:

Tea leaves

Prepare Method: Steeping

Mealtime: Anytime

#3 in Turkmenistan Flag of Turkmenistan


  • National
  • Street Drink
  • Traditional

Ayran is a Turkish cold drink made from yogurt, water, and salt.

Country’s Region: Nationwide Origin

Main Ingredients:

Yogurt, water, and salt

Prepare Method: Blending

Mealtime: Anytime

#4 in Turkmenistan Flag of Turkmenistan


  • National
  • Traditional

Chal is a Central Asian beverage made by fermenting camel milk.

Country’s Region: Nationwide Origin

Main Ingredients:

Camel milk

Prepare Method: Fermenting

Mealtime: Anytime

#5 in Turkmenistan Flag of Turkmenistan


  • Traditional

Kompot is a popular European drink made by simmering fruits in sweetened water.

Country’s Region: Unspecified

Main Ingredients:

Various fruits (fresh, dried, or mixed), water, sugar, or raisins.

Prepare Method: Simmering

Mealtime: Anytime

Turkmen Beverage Images

What Are the Influences of Geography and History on Turkmen Beverages?

Tea In Turkmenistan
Tea is a crucial drink in Turkmenistan.

Turkmen beverages are dictated by many factors. For that, let me introduce you to the features that directly affect Turkmen drinks:

Tea Culture

As a part of Central Asia, the Turkmen especially value tea, even drinking it as a part of their daily life. Green tea, like çaý, is often consumed.

Dairy Drinks

Chal is the most notable dairy product in Turkmen. Furthermore, the nomadic tradition also means many dairy drinks are made with animals that the population raises.

Other Influences

The Soviet era introduced new types of beverages to Turkmenistan. This period saw the introduction of sodas and other sweetened drinks.

Commonly, bottled water and soft drinks revenue has risen steadily throughout the years in Turkmenistan.
After getting to know the things that affect beverages in Turkmenistan, you should take a peek into the importance of tea in the country.

How Important Is Tea in Turkmenistan?

Turkmen Gara Chai
Turkmen gara chai is a seasonal drink in the country.

When you’re in Turkmenistan, tea is the first drink to come across that plays an important role in quenching the thirst of Turkmen. Here are some features that prove the importance of Turkmen tea:

Household Tradition

Every Turkmen household typically has its own china teapot and cups to prepare tea at any time of the day or for brewing the drink for guests.

Green Tea (gok chai)

Green tea, known locally as ‘gok chai’, is a staple and is consumed year-round.

Black Tea (gara chai)

Black tea, or ‘gara chai’, has a more seasonal role, being preferred mainly during autumn and winter. It’s especially popular in western Turkmenistan.

Moving away from tea, you should check out the alcoholic drinks with their diverse range of options in Turkmenistan.

What Are The Alcoholic Beverages in Turkmenistan?

Vodka Shot
Vodka is a popular spirit in Turkmenistan.

Turkmenistan features many alcoholic beverages with a diverse range of choices for you to pick from:


Turkmenistan has a variety of local beers, with brands like Berk1 and Zip being popular. These beers are generally light and pale lagers.


Due to historical ties with Russia, vodka is a popular alcoholic beverage in Turkmenistan. It is consumed in social settings and is a staple at celebrations and gatherings.


Interestingly, Turkmenistan produces its own brandy known for its unique flavor.


Turkmenistan also produces its own grape wine (often red and white), although it’s less well-known internationally compared to its vodka and brandy.

Next, let’s explore the Turkmen dishes usually paired with drinks in this Central Asian country.

What Are the Best Turkmen Dishes to Serve With Beverages?

Below is an overview of excellent pairing choices in Turkmen cuisine.



Tea goes well with numerous Turkmen dishes, both savory entrees and sweet desserts. For the main dishes, pilaf, ichlekli, dograma, and chorba.

In terms of snacks and desserts, pishme, suytlas, and dried fruits like apricots are popular tea accompaniments.



Due to the uniquely sour flavor of chal, this beverage should be paired with hearty dishes like pilaf, manti, chorba, and naryn.



As a yogurt-based drink, ayran is an excellent pairing choice for rich dishes with bold flavor, as its tangy taste can easily balance the overall flavor profile.

Dishes that fit this category include pilaf, ichlekli, dograma, yarma, boortsog, and pishme.

Vodka Kyrgyz Beverages Distilled Alcoholic


Vodka is a distilled liquor with a clean taste, so it makes a wonderful drink for various main dishes, such as pilaf, chorba, joshpara, naryn, and gowurma.



Beer is a suitable beverage for many settings, from home-cooked meals to street food feasts. Kakmach, shashlik, and lamb tandoori are mouth-watering dishes to pair with beer.

After learning about food options for complementing Turkmen beverages, why don’t you look at the social and cultural aspects of these drinks in the country?

What’s The Role of Beverages in Turkmen Social and Cultural Rituals?

Drinks in Turkmenistan are an essential part of social and cultural events, with many activities often featuring refreshments:

Hospitality and Social Gatherings

To welcome guests, tea is the go-to option for many Turkmen families. Additionally, tea is intertwined with many socializing and bonding acts in the country.

Weddings and Celebrations

For celebrations and weddings, locals offer alcoholic drinks, with vodka and brandy being popular choices. Also, the act of toasting is a common sight in Turkmenistan.

Nomadic Traditions

As a country influenced by nomadic traditions, many drinks are made using the milk of farm-raised animals.

Religious Observances

Thanks to the Muslim population, the consumption of alcoholic beverages in Turkmenistan is influenced by Islamic teachings.

After going through the features of Turkmen drinks, check out the inquiries about them to expand your understanding.


While tea is more prevalent, coffee consumption is present, influenced by global trends and neighboring cultures.

Yes, in urban areas and hotels, you can find a variety of international beverages, including soft drinks and various types of coffee.

Tea is important throughout the day in Turkmenistan, especially during social interactions, and meetings, and as a gesture of hospitality to guests.

Yes, traditional beverages like tea and local dairy drinks are readily available and are often part of the tourist experience in Turkmenistan.

Adam Sam

Adam Sam

Senior Food and Drink Editor


Food Writer & Recipe Developer, Recipe Tester, Bartender, Cooking-video Maker, Editor In Chief


  • University of Gastronomic Sciences – Pollenzo (Italy) (MA Food Culture, Communication & Marketing)
  • Johnson & Wales University (US) (Baking and Pastry Arts)
  • Professional Bartender at HNAAu School (Vietnam, International Joint Training Program)

Adam Sam, an experienced food writer and recipe developer, is passionate about blending diverse culinary traditions, national dishes, and innovative beverages, showcasing his proficiency in both traditional and modern recipe testing.

As the Editor-in-Chief, he elevates culinary content from street food to fine dining, focusing on Western cuisine and types of drinks at azcuisines.com, and is professional in creating engaging cooking videos that simplify complex dishes and ingredients.

His passion for food is evident in his writing, where he uniquely merges various cultures, traditions, and contemporary trends, skillfully combining classic recipes with modern cooking methods.

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