Cà Phê Đá

Cà phê đá is a strong Vietnamese iced coffee known for its robust and bitter flavor due to Robusta beans.

Lastest Updated May 27, 2024
Verified by A-Z Cuisines Team
  • National
  • Street Drink
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Home » Beverages A-Z » Cà Phê Đá

Fact: Vietnamese iced coffee is strong because it uses Robusta beans, which contain double the caffeine of Arabica beans.

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Basic Information

Cà Phê Đá: Basic Information


Ca-feh daah

Alternative Name(s)

Cà phê đen đá, đen đá

Drink Type

Cold non-alcoholic beverages


Breakfast, Lunch
Origin and Region

Cà Phê Đá: Origin and Region



Continent’s Region

Southeast Asia

Country’s Region


Associated Region

Vietnam Map
Popular Variation
Popular Variation
Popular Variation

Popular Cà Phê Đá Variations

Ingredients and Preparation

Cà Phê Đá: Ingredients and Preparation

Main Ingredients

Robusta coffee, ice

Main Preparing Method


Preparation Process

Brewed coffee directly into a glass with a drip filter (phin). Once brewed, add ice to a cup and stir.
A Deep Dive

Cà Phê Đá: A Deep Dive

Cultural Significance

A daily drink and social ritual for locals






Earthy, nutty, and robust



Serving Style

Typically served in a cup with ice

Serving Temperature



Often enjoyed on its own, but can be paired with other Vietnamese pastries or breakfast dishes.


On any occasions


Approximately 2 calories (without any sweetener) per 250 ml (8.5 oz) cup.


Throughout Vietnam and other countries (e.g., China, America, Australia)

Popular Similar Drinks

  1. Oliang 
  2. Frappé Coffee
  3. Shakerato
  4. Mazagran
  5. Cuban Espresso
  6. Indian Filter Coffee
  7. Kopi

Popular Dining Area

Street-side cafes, local coffee shops, and homes throughout Vietnam

Cà phê đá, or Vietnamese iced coffee, is a beloved coffee recipe originating from Vietnam. It is known for its strong and bitter flavor as the drink is traditionally made with dark roast Robusta coffee beans.

Ca Phe Da Overview

The coffee is brewed with hot water through a metal drip filter called a “phin” in Vietnamese. Once the coffee has dripped through, the resulting drink is a concentrated brew.

Cà phê đá is often sweetened with condensed milk to increase the sweetness and creamy texture. Some locals also like to add sugar instead of condensed milk. Finally, add ice and give it a good stir before enjoying.

Today, Vietnam is a big coffee exporter in the world, particularly known for its Robusta beans. The coffee culture in this country has been significant since the introduction of coffee in the 19th century.

Beyond learning coffee history, you’ll also have a closer look at cà phê đá ingredients, its variations, how to enjoy it like a Vietnamese, and how to prepare this coffee recipe without a filter. In case you want to enjoy the authentic taste of cà phê đá, I’ll offer some of the best brands of Vietnamese coffee to try out!

Lastly, don’t skip some advantages and disadvantages of cà phê đá and how it is distinctive from the iced coffee in Thailand, the neighboring country of Vietnam. There are other related concerns about cà phê đá that you shouldn’t miss either. Continue the reading for deeper information!

Key Points

  • Cà phê đá (Vietnamese iced coffee) originates from Vietnam and is known for its strong, bitter flavor.
  • It is traditionally made with dark roast Robusta beans and brewed in a metal drip filter called a “phin.”
  • Cà phê đá is often sweetened with condensed milk for a sweeter flavor and creamy texture.
  • Coffee was introduced to Vietnam in 1857. Nowadays, the country is the world’s second-largest coffee producer.
  • Trung Nguyên is Vietnam’s largest domestic coffee brand, known internationally.
  • Cà phê đá provides a cultural experience, reflecting Vietnamese tradition.

Cà Phê Đá Images

What Is The History Of Cà Phê in Vietnam?

Coffee first came to Vietnam in 1857 when the French priest introduced a single Arabica tree. Vietnam’s coffee trade didn’t truly flourish until the 1987 ‘Doi Moi’ economic reforms.

In the 2020 Report of Statistics, Vietnam ranked as the world’s second-biggest coffee producer, contributing to about 20% of global coffee output, emphasizing Robusta coffee beans.

Furthermore, according to the USDA annual report, for the Vietnam coffee market in 2021/2022, production was revised up to 31.58 million bags, with exports reaching 27 million bags, while the 2022/23 forecast anticipates production of 30.93 million bags and exports of 26.65 million bags.

So, it is clear to see that the coffee industry and coffee-drinking culture of Vietnamese citizens are significant. Moreover, the coffee culture was influenced by the French during their colonial period in the country. And because of the scarcity of fresh milk at this time, sweetened condensed milk became a beloved component in Vietnam-style coffee.

What Is the Ingredient in Cà Phê Đá?

Cà phê đá primarily uses Robusta beans, making it distinct from other iced coffee variations around the world. These beans have a stronger, more bitter taste than the more commonly used Arabica beans in other coffee-based drinks in Western countries.

Moreover, cà phê đá is typically sweetened with condensed milk instead of fresh milk or cream, giving it a sweeter flavor. The coffee-based version with condensed milk is called Cà phê sữa đá.

What Are Variations of Cà Phê Đá?

Next to cà phê đá, you’ll find other variations that suit different palates. Vietnamese coffee connoisseurs have created other coffee-based drinks with other components. Some can be enjoyed over ice; some are ideal served hot, each showcasing the regional touches and preferences. Below are some common varieties of Vietnamese iced coffee.

Ca Phe Sua Da

  • Street Drink
  • Traditional

Cà phê sữa đá is a traditional Vietnamese iced coffee sweetened with condensed milk and served over ice.

Ca Phe Trung

  • Traditional

Cà phê trứng is a Vietnamese coffee topped with a creamy, sweet blend of egg yolk and condensed milk froth.

Bac Xiu

  • Fusion
  • Street Drink
  • Traditional

Bạc xỉu is a sweet Vietnamese coffee due to it contains more milk than coffee.

Ca Phe Cot Dua

Cà phê cốt dừa is a Vietnamese beverage made with coffee, coconut milk, and condensed milk.

Ca Phe Muoi

Cà phê muối is a special Vietnamese coffee-based beverage with salted cream froth topping.

Ca Phe La Dua

Cà phê lá dứa is a Vietnamese beverage consisting of coffee and pandan flavor.

Ca Phe Bo

Cà phê bơ is a creamy Vietnamese beverage made with ripe avocado and coffee and sweetened with condensed milk.

Sinh To Ca Phe

Sinh tố cà phê is a blended drink of Vietnam made with coffee, condensed milk, ice, and optional components like ice cream.

Sua Chua Ca Phe

Sữa chua cà phê is a Vietnamese creamy and tart beverage made with coffee, yogurt, and condensed milk.

Next, it is essential to enjoy cà phê đá like a true Vietnamese, so read on to see how.

How To Drink Cà Phê Đá Like Locals?

Another aspect that makes cà phê đá stand out from other coffee-based beverages is the way to enjoy it in Vietnam, which is simply demonstrated in five steps:

  • Step 1: Select Coffee: Choose a medium to dark roasted coffee. Grind coffee into powder.
  • Step 2: Set Up the Filter: Place a Vietnamese metal coffee filter (called phin in Vietnam) over the cup.
  • Step 3: Add Coffee: Put the coffee powder into the filter.
  • Step 4: Brew: Pour hot water into the filter, and the coffee drips into the cup slowly.
  • Step 5: Add Ice: Once the coffee has fully dripped, remove the filter and fill the cup with ice. You can add condensed milk or sugar before adding ice if you prefer a sweeter taste.

In case you don’t have a Vietnam-style coffee filter at home, I’ll show you another way to prepare Vietnamese iced coffee, which is shown in the following section.

How To Make The Best Vietnamese Cà Phê Đá Without A Filter?

I will introduce how to make Vietnamese iced coffee at home without a filter by using a French press if you can’t find a Vietnamese coffee set for an authentic experience.

For making cà phê đá with a French press, here’s how you do it:

  • Step 1: Select Coffee: Opt for a medium to dark roasted coffee, preferably Robusta beans. Grind them.
  • Step 2: Prepare the French Press: Add the ground coffee to the French press. The general ratio is 1 to 2 tablespoons of coffee for every 6 ounces of water, but you can adjust it based on your preference.
  • Step 3: Add Hot Water: Pour the hot water into the French press, and the coffee grounds should be saturated. Place the lid on the press with the plunger pulled all the way up. Let the coffee steep for about 5 minutes.
  • Step 4: Press: After steeping, slowly press down the plunger to separate the grounds from the brewed coffee.
  • Step 5: Pour Coffee: Pour the brewed coffee from the French press over a clean cup. Add ice or sweetener if desired.

Though there is a substitute tool to make cà phê đá without a filter, you should prepare Vietnamese coffee for the most authentic taste. In the next part, you’ll get to know some of the best brands from the country.

What Are the Best Vietnamese Coffee Brands For Cà Phê Đá?

Here are the three most famous names in selling Vietnamese coffee in Vietnam, shown in the table below.

  • Trung Nguyên: Founded in 1996 in Buôn Ma Thuột; Vietnam’s largest domestic coffee brand, exporting to over 60 countries; can purchase its product from Trung Nguyen USA website.
  • Highlands Coffee: Founded in Hanoi in 1998; a leading coffee shop chain and producer in Vietnam.
  • The Coffee House: Established in 2014 in Ho Chi Minh City; rapidly expanded with over 100 stores across Vietnam by 2018.

Now, let’s uncover the good and not-so-good sides of sipping Vietnam’s iced coffee.

Pros and Cons of Drinking Cà Phê Đá


  • Strong Flavor: The use of Robusta beans gives Cà Phê Đá a unique and strong taste.
  • Energizing: The caffeine content, especially from Robusta beans, provides a good energy boost.
  • Cultural Experience: Drinking cà phê đá offers a taste of Vietnamese culture and tradition.
  • Refreshing: Served iced, it’s a perfect drink to cool down in hot weather.


  • Too Strong for Some: The robust flavor and high caffeine content might be overwhelming for those used to milder coffees.
  • Potential for Overconsumption: It will increase caffeine and sugar intake.

After getting comprehensive information about Vietnam’s iced coffee beverage, let’s compare it with Thai-style iced coffee.

What Are the Differences Between Vietnamese Cà Phê Đá and Thai Iced Coffee?

Below are four main differences between cà phê đá and Thai iced coffee (also known as Oliang), including ingredients, flavor, filter, and serving style.

Finally, don’t miss any frequently asked questions regarding this wonderful cà phê đá of Vietnam in the next part.

Cà Phê Đá FAQs

Yes and no! Vietnamese cà phê đá is often served with condensed milk for a sweeter flavor, but for cà phê đá without any sweetener, the drink is very bitter.

The healthiness of Vietnamese iced coffee can vary. It is high in sugar if you add condensed milk, which might not be ideal for a healthy diet. However, coffee itself has health benefits when consumed in moderation.

Vietnamese iced coffee is strong and has a high caffeine content because it is made with Robusta beans, which are higher in caffeine than Arabica beans.

Yes, you can make a version of Vietnamese iced coffee with espresso. It won’t be authentic, but it is a great substitute for phin-brewed coffee.

Freshly brewed Vietnamese iced coffee is best consumed immediately, but it can last for about a day if you keep it refrigerated. Over time, the flavor quality will decrease, especially when the ice has melted into the coffee.

Similar Beverages of Cà Phê Đá


Oliang is a Thai iced coffee made from ground robusta beans, brown sugar, and various grains and seeds.

Frappe Coffee

Frappé coffee is a frothy Greek iced drink made with instant coffee.


Shakerato is an Italian espresso shaken with ice and sometimes syrup for a frothy drink.


Mazagran is a sweetened Algerian coffee drink served cold, often with lemon and rum.

Cuban Espresso

Cuban espresso, or Café Cubano, is a sweetened espresso shot, whipped with sugar.

Indian Filter Coffee

Indian filter coffee is a robust, milky brew made by percolating coffee with chicory.


Kopi is a strong coffee often served with milk or sugar and popular in Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand.

Adam Sam

Adam Sam

Senior Food and Drink Editor


Food Writer & Recipe Developer, Recipe Tester, Bartender, Cooking-video Maker, Editor In Chief


  • University of Gastronomic Sciences – Pollenzo (Italy) (MA Food Culture, Communication & Marketing)
  • Johnson & Wales University (US) (Baking and Pastry Arts)
  • Professional Bartender at HNAAu School (Vietnam, International Joint Training Program)

Adam Sam, an experienced food writer and recipe developer, is passionate about blending diverse culinary traditions, national dishes, and innovative beverages, showcasing his proficiency in both traditional and modern recipe testing.

As the Editor-in-Chief, he elevates culinary content from street food to fine dining, focusing on Western cuisine and types of drinks at azcuisines.com, and is professional in creating engaging cooking videos that simplify complex dishes and ingredients.

His passion for food is evident in his writing, where he uniquely merges various cultures, traditions, and contemporary trends, skillfully combining classic recipes with modern cooking methods.

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